READING SKILL: TRANSITION SIGNALS

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Transition Signals in Writing

What are Transition Signals?

Transition signals are connecting words or phrases that act like bridges between parts of your writing. They link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.

Transition signals act like signposts to indicate to the reader the order and flow of your writing and ideas. They strengthen the internal cohesion of your writing. Using transitions makes it easier for the reader to follow your ideas. They help carry over a thought from one sentence to another, from one paragraph to another, or from one idea to another.

There are several types of transition signals. Some lead your reader forward and imply the building of an idea or thought, while others make your reader compare ideas or draw conclusions from the preceding thoughts.

Sample Text

During [1] the early twentieth century, Australian society experienced a transformation of the domestic ideal. At this time [1] families were subject to an increasing array of government and ‘professional’ programs and advice aiming to manage and regulate family life. Some of these programs were designed to counter social changes, others were designed to engineer them; ultimately [2] each heralded a growing expert encroachment into the private sphere.Intervention and influence took three forms. Firstly [3] , techniques designed to maximise efficiency were introduced into the home and scientific principles were applied to its design.In addition [4], housework and parenting methods were scrutinised and subject to unprecedented standards. Secondly [3] , all aspects of reproduction attracted increasing intervention from government and the medical profession. Thirdly [3], state, professional and philanthropic groups began to usurp the parental role within the family through instruction and policy. Consequently [5], the development of ‘modern’ social ideals brought regulation, intervention and ever-increasing unrealistic standards. [1]Indicating a specific time[2]Indicating a conclusion[3] To indicate sequence and logically divide an idea[4]Indicating extra information

[5]Indicating a result

List of Transition Signals

List of Transition Signals
To indicate sequence or to order information first, second etc.followed byat this pointnext, last, finally

previously, subsequently

after that

initially

and then

next, before, after

concurrently

simultaneously

meanwhile

To introduce an example in this casefor examplefor instanceon this occasion

to illustrate

to demonstrate

this can be seen

when/where . . .

take the case of

To indicate time immediatelythereafterformerlyfinally

prior to

previously

then

soon

during

at that time

before, after

at this point

To logically divide an idea first, next, finallyfirstly, secondly, thirdlyinitially, subsequently, ultimately
To compare similarlyby comparisonsimilar tolike, just like

whereas

balanced against

To contrast in contraston the other handbalanced againsthowever

on the contrary

unlike

differing from

a different view is

despite

To introduce additional ideas/ information in additionalsofinallymoreover

furthermore

one can also say

and then

further

another

To introduce an opposite idea or show exception howeveron the other handwhereasinstead

while

yet

but

despite

in spite of

nevertheless

even though

in contrast

it could also be said that

To give an example for exampleto illustratefor instancein this case

to demonstrate

take the case of

To indicate a result/ cause of something thereforethusconsequentlyas a consequence

as a result

hence

To summarise or conclude in summaryin conclusionin briefas a result

on the whole

summing up

as shown

ultimately

therefore

consequently

thus

in other words

to conclude

to summarise

finally

References

Oshima, A & Hogue, A 1991, Writing Academic English, Addison-Wesley.

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